Pregnancy is a period of sudden hormonal changes that affect the skin to a great extent.
Changes in the mammary glands are one of the first signs of pregnancy – they increase in volume and small bluish streaks appear on their surface.
It is recommended to wear appropriate bras that do not compress the chest.
The nipples are prone to increased pigmentation, but a brown line between the navel and pubis is also common.
Pregnancy mask – pigmentation of the face, predominant on the protruding parts – nose, cheeks, forehead, is associated with hormonal changes that contribute to pigmentation, with the sun and skin irritation.
The pregnancy mask may persist for several months or years after childbirth.
How to deal with pigmentation on the face?
avoid exposure to sunlight and use sunscreen;
Avoid products that irritate the skin of the face – peels, and creams containing acids.
Stretch marks are associated with violations of the structure of the deep layers of the skin, due to too quickly occurring and excessive skin tension.
Pregnancy is associated with weight gain and hormonal changes, which is especially favorable for the appearance of stretch marks, especially in the chest, hips, and abdomen.
You can prevent stretch marks by massaging and gently lubricating the skin of the affected areas – chest, abdomen, and thighs with enriched moisturizer or oil for at least five minutes a day.
Expansion and compression of the veins
At the beginning of pregnancy, hormonal changes are directed, in particular, to dilate and stimulate the development of blood vessels in the uterus in order to provide suitable conditions for the development of the fetus.
The veins in the legs also tend to dilate.
In later pregnancy, the uterus takes up more and more space in the abdominal cavity and begins to put pressure on the abdominal veins, making it difficult for the venous return from the legs to the heart.
Increases pressure in the veins of the legs, which further contributes to their expansion.
The best solution to limit the risk of varicose veins is to wear compression stockings designed specifically for pregnant women who have supple and elastic bellies.
A few tips to improve blood circulation in the veins:
- avoid prolonged standing;
- avoid hot baths and showers;
- Limiting sun exposure;
- Regular and easy walking or swimming;
- Foot shower with warm water
- Hair, skin, nails
Hormonal changes tend to make hair and nails grow faster, making them healthier and shinier.
On the contrary, sometimes there is a tendency to hair loss – the so-called telogen effluvium, as well as a weakening of the strength of the nails, which become brittle at the end of pregnancy or after childbirth.
These changes in hair and nail health are also associated with iron deficiency during this period.
Hormonal changes affect not only the health of the hair but also the glands that are attached to the hair – the sebaceous glands that secrete sebum.
Every pregnancy is different and it is difficult to predict what skin changes will occur – in some cases, there is an improvement in skin health, while in others there is acne, increased oiliness of the skin, and a tendency to skin problems.