Unpleasant, painful, irritating, delicate. Thus, it is possible to briefly characterize hemorrhoids. Although not much is said about it, it is the most common disease in the world. About half of people over the age of 50 suffer from them, and at least once to three-quarters of us solve problems with them during their lifetime. How do we know hemorrhoids, how to treat them and what to do to worry us the least?
What are hemorrhoids?
Simply put, hemorrhoids (incorrectly, but very often “hemorrhoids”) are vascular formations in the rectum. Under normal conditions, these soft pads promote proper emptying, prevent stools from leaking out, and we have no idea about them. If for some reason their walls weaken, they can swell and become inflamed. Then we perceive them as an unpleasant and painful disease, the prognosis of which, however, is favorable with proper treatment.
Internal and external hemorrhoids – how do they differ
Depending on where the hemorrhoids are located, we divide them into internal and external. The main subjective problems (pain, itching, hygiene difficulties) are caused by external hemorrhoids, which, however, do not bleed, internal hemorrhoids usually manifest as painless bleeding during emptying or after defecation.
What are the causes of hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids in men are as common as in women. Heredity plays an important role, age is important – although it is rare in adolescents, people over 40 are at increased risk. The most common cause of hemorrhoids in women is pregnancy when the fetus presses on the veins of the pelvis and blood stagnation occur. If we talk about lifestyle, then sedentary work, as well as long experience, heavy physical exertion, or some sports (cycling), certainly contribute to the development of hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are a typical problem for people with intestinal disorders (constipation and diarrhea), from which obese people and smokers are more likely to suffer.
How do hemorrhoids manifest? The
The most common symptoms are traces of bright red blood on toilet paper or stool. Hemorrhoid thrombosis (filling with clotted blood) includes pain, pressure, cuts (like “razor blades”), or itching in the rectum. Some patients also report a feeling of humidity around the rectum. After healing, visible skin growths may remain around the rectum.
How are hemorrhoids treated and what can I do myself?
In addition to the use and use of medications, it is important to eliminate constipation in hemorrhoids, which is the most common cause. Enrich your diet with fiber (fruits, vegetables, whole grains), reduce alcohol consumption and irritating foods (spicy, spicy). Make sure that you have enough drinking regime (about 2 liters per day) and enough exercise. All these recommendations will help normalize bowel movements and alleviate problems with hemorrhoids.
Also, observe careful hygiene of the rectum – if you are prone to hemorrhoids, it is ideal to rinse the rectum after each stool, as well as a daily shower or a sedentary bath (chamomile, oak bark), activities. the use of antibacterial wet wipes.
Limit prolonged sitting or standing.
As soon as you feel the urge, go to the chair as soon as possible.
Do not sit on the toilet for a long time, try to establish a regular emptying regime.
In case of acute problems, sit on a baby inflatable ring.
Cold compresses, a warm bath, or a shower help with the pain.
When to see a doctor with hemorrhoids?
According to a 2018 study, it takes an average of 17 months for a patient to decide to see a doctor. This hesitation is not only unnecessary but also dangerous. Traces of blood on toilet paper can also indicate other diseases.