The coming spring days are just created for hiking in the forest, walking through meadows or relaxing
in parks. At the same time, this is the time when ticks begin to appear in nature – the causative agents of a number of dangerous diseases. The very discovery that we have pliers is unpleasant for most of us. The real problem arises when a tick that has stuck to our body is infected with the tick-borne encephalitis virus.
Tick-borne encephalitis is an inflammatory disease of the brain and meninges caused by a virus. The infection is transmitted through ticks or by eating raw milk and dairy products from animals infected with tick-borne encephalitis. The severity of the disease lies mainly in its course and possible consequences. A two-phase course is characteristic, with the first phase more like the flu, and after it usually follows a relatively asymptomatic period. The second phase is much more severe, accompanied by high fever, severe headaches, dizziness, nausea, nausea, impaired concentration, speech disorders, memory disorders, balance disorders, paralysis, and even death. Recovery is long, and some effects may last the rest of your life.
It is also important not to underestimate urban traffic. If natural and climatic conditions allow, the tick will survive in urban parks and residential areas. Another risk factor is travel
There is no specific treatment for tick-borne encephalitis. In the case of an outbreak, doctors relieve and treat only individual symptoms, which may vary in patients. A complex course of treatment, its duration, and possibly irreversible consequences significantly affect the quality of life of the patient. However, tick-borne encephalitis is one of the preventable diseases, which means that we can prevent it. The only effective form of prevention is vaccination, which is safe and reliable. The vaccine has been tested by long-term practice and provides the effectiveness of up to 99%.