The specificity of skin aging in women is the significant effect of a decrease in endogenous estrogens on the skin condition. The aesthetic importance of skin for women is an integral part of the perception of quality of life, self-esteem, and self-perception of sexual attractiveness. Thus, skincare belongs to menopausal medicine in its comprehensive concept of anti-aging medicine.
The skin consists of three layers: skin (epidermis), joints (dermis), and subcutaneous adipose tissue (subcutaneous tissue). Skin aging is characterized by a slowdown in the process of cell regeneration. and a decrease in the body’s defenses. The skin becomes thinner and more permeable to chemicals. The skin becomes dry due to a decrease in water content and changes in its pigmentation. A decrease in the function of the sebaceous glands leads to dry skin. The decrease in strength is due to the smaller formation and location of collagen fibers. The decrease in elasticity is due to the shortening and thickening of elastic fibers. Wrinkles appear on the skin. First of all, aging affects the skin of the face, neck, and decollete area. Aging is a gradual process. However, the biggest changes await the skin after 45 years, during menopause, when the skin loses elasticity and freshness due to the loss of the hormone DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone). During the postmenopausal period, there is a further loss of lipids, the skin becomes dry and irritated.
The first signs of menopause that we can observe on the skin
The most noticeable manifestations of menopause are reflected on the skin, which changes rapidly during menopause and requires special care. The gradual loss of the hormone DHEA leads to a longer period of cell renewal, slower regeneration and hydration, loss of collagen, and reorientation of elastin fibers, which can lead to a change in skin quality.
DRYNESS – The skin may be rough, dull, sometimes itching may occur.
SENSITIVITY – The skin is often irritated, red, with a burning sensation. Acne problems may worsen or recur due to lower levels of female hormones.
SENSITIVE SKIN – As collagen decreases, the skin begins to lose elasticity.
DILUTION – More noticeable wrinkles, especially around the eyes and mouth, wounds heal more slowly.
SIGNS OF SUN INJURY – If sunscreen is used incorrectly, pigmented and age spots may appear.
PROPERTY FOR BREEDING – Due to the gradual thinning of the skin due to the loss of collagen, glycosaminoglycans (GAG), and water.
MORE FACIAL HAIR, LESS HAIR – You may notice unwanted hair above the upper lip, along the jawline, thinning hair, and sometimes receding hairline.
Skincare at the age of about 45 years
Skin changes at an older age are irreversible, so it is necessary to properly care for the skin. The most important part of skincare in the fight against signs of skin aging is effective prevention and protection from sunlight. Photoprotective products with a high degree of protection from the sun should be part of every woman’s daily life.
“The quality of our skin is largely transmitted to us genetically. But that doesn’t mean we can’t do anything about it. The skin symptoms associated with menopause can be significantly alleviated with appropriate skincare procedures.”
Doc. MuDR. Thomas Fait, Ph.D. CHAIRMAN OF THE CZECH MENOPAUSAL AND ANDROPAUSAL SOCIETY
Highly moisturizing creams and proper cleansing are the basis of daily skincare at an older age. When cleansing, it is recommended to use gentle products adapted to the needs of sensitive skin. When choosing creams, it is good to focus on the presence of a highly moisturizing component in the form of active ingredients, such as hyaluronic acid (for example, Vichy Neovadiol Magistral). At an older age, it is useful to include creams containing omega-3 fatty acids in your routine, which add elasticity and a sense of comfort. The basis should be the use of creams with clinically proven effectiveness in daily life in the morning and evening. In addition to the care itself, diet and lifestyle are important.