Physical Causes of Erectile Dysfunction and How to Detect Them

Erectile dysfunction is a common problem that can be caused by both psychological and physical factors. The physical causes of erectile dysfunction are related to disturbances in the physiological process of erection, and their detection plays an important role in determining effective treatments. In this article, we’ll look at some of the physical causes of erectile dysfunction and how to spot them.

Cardiovascular diseases

Cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, and coronary heart disease can reduce the blood supply to the penis, making it difficult to achieve and maintain an erection. The detection of such problems requires a referral to a cardiologist for appropriate studies, such as an electrocardiogram, echocardiography, and Doppler sonography.


Diabetes is the cause of erectile dysfunction in a significant number of men. High blood sugar can damage nerves and blood vessels over time, interfering with normal erection function. Diabetes detection includes blood glucose testing and consultation with an endocrinologist.

Hormonal disorders

Hormonal imbalances such as low testosterone or high prolactin can cause erectile dysfunction. The study of hormonal status is usually carried out by analyzing the level of hormones in the blood using specialized tests.

Nerve disorders

Nerve damage caused by trauma, surgical procedures, or certain diseases such as multiple sclerosis can lead to erectile dysfunction. It may be necessary to consult a neurologist and conduct nerve studies such as electromyography or neurography to detect nerve disorders.

Medications and other factors

Some drugs, such as antidepressants, antihypertensive drugs, and anticancer drugs, can cause erectile dysfunction. In addition, smoking, alcohol, drugs, and some chronic diseases can have a negative effect on erection. Finding these factors involves a discussion with the doctor and a detailed review of the medical history.


The physical causes of erectile dysfunction can be varied, and their detection requires an integrated approach, including consultation with various specialists and conducting appropriate studies. It is important to remember that early detection and treatment of the underlying physical condition can significantly improve erectile function. If physical causes of erectile dysfunction are suspected, it is recommended to see a doctor for further evaluation and a treatment plan.

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